BAR Publishing

As of April 2, 2020, the BAR Digital Collection is live on Fulcrum. To use the BAR Digital Collection, visit Please contact for help with any issues.


  • Access and Browser Requirements
  • OpenURL Compliance
  • Linking to Text Sections
  • ADA Compliance and Accessibility
  • Printing and Downloading
  • MARC Records
  • Titles/MARC Records Removed
  • Usage Statistics (Stats)
  • Proxy-Server Configuration
  • IP Address Updates
  • Common Access Problems
  • Shibboleth / OpenAthens
  • Privacy and Data Collection
  • Terms
  • Contact Information
  • Search wildcards

Access and Browser Requirements

Books may be accessed directly from links in the MARC records that have been loaded into the catalog of a purchasing institution. These records contain stable URLs that represent the most reliable way to reach the material at our site. If a subscribing institution has an access system that requires that URLs be rewritten, such as for proxy service, statistics tabulation, etc., that institution will need to make those local modifications to the URLs as system access requires.

If you experience any browser compatibility issues, you may want to try downloading an updated browser from one of the following sites:

OpenURL Compliance

BAR is OpenURL compliant on the title level, but not on the chapter and page level. In order to offer the most stable link to an individual title, you may use the title's DOI, which can be found in the book’s catalog record, and on the title record page of each book, located beneath the Subject(s).

The DOI may be used to link to a title in the BAR collection on syllabi and course packs or on learning management systems such as Blackboard, Moodle, Canvas and D2L.

ADA Compliance and Accessibility


The Fulcrum platform aims to meet WCAG 2.1 AA Standards in both the platform and its content by providing infrastructure and resources to support accessible books, image descriptions, transcripts for audio, captions for video, and alternative formats for digitized content.

The extent to which Fulcrums meets WCAG 2.0 and Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act is reported in Fulcrum’s Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT®) Version 2.3 INT.

If you have any further questions or need to request an accessible copy of a title, please email

Printing and Downloading

Since most material on this site is licensed for online electronic distribution only, this means that users are restricted to printing a chapter or chapters for personal research use. If, as an instructor, you want to use material in a course, you can provide the Citable Link permanent URL on the title record page. If you want to photocopy a chapter for your course, you must apply directly to the original publisher, at If in doubt, or for further information, see our section on fair use.

To download a chapter, go to the chapter/section headings listed under the “Table of Contents” tab on the book page. Clicking on the “Download” button next to a chapter generates a PDF of the chapter.

Do not distribute the download link — BAR titles can be accessed by users in a variety of ways, which impacts the URL generated.

MARC Records

Fulcrum distributes MARC records via the a number of Knowledge Base products. See the table under 'Discoverability / Delivery Services' for details.

Subscribers can also download MARC records directly, free of charge, from Files named for a specific product/collection, e.g. 'bar_2022_annual.mrc', contain the cumulative set of MARC records for all titles that are currently live in that collection. These files are the best option for making sure you have the most up-to-date set of records. We also make available incremental update files for those who prefer only to load records that have been added or corrected since your previous load. In this case, just download and load the files named e.g. 'bar_2022_annual_update_YYYY-MM-DD.mrc', substituting YYYY-MM-DD with all dates that follow the last time you loaded records for this collection.

For example:

  • 'bar_pre2020_collection_int.mrc' contains all records for British Series titles with a publication date prior to 2020.
  • 'bar_pre2020_collection_int_update_2020-10-15.mrc' contains only records for the above collection that were added on October 15, 2020 (either because the title is newly added to the collection or the cataloging is newly complete). It will not contain records from previous update files unless those records are being enhanced or corrected in this update.
  • 'bar_pre2020_collection.mrc' contains all records with publication date prior to 2020, including all titles in both the British Series and International Series.

PLEASE NOTE: The records are MARC21, USMARC records, in Unicode UTF-8 format. There may be a discrepancy between the number of records and the number of books in the collection due to the fact that multi-volume sets share a single record. Every effort has been made to bring these records up to current national standards.

MARC records are provided “as is.” Some options for MARC editing tools can be found on the Library of Congress’s website: One free program, MarcEdit, can be downloaded here:

Subscribers may share the BAR bibliographic records and metadata with third-party, not-for-profit databases as well as other service developers and providers working to make this data more broadly accessible as long as the records are not being resold by any party.

Titles/MARC Records Removed

Since BAR went live in April 2020, 0 titles have been removed from the collection. 

Discoverability / Delivery Services

BAR has entered into a number of agreements to make the collection more discoverable and to enable auto-loading of MARC records. Our agreements should get BAR collections indexed in the following services:

VendorProduct TypeProduct Name
EBSCODiscoveryEBSCO Discovery Service

Knowledge BaseHoldings & Linking Manager (HLM)
OCLCKnowledge BaseCollection Manager

Knowledge BaseWorldCat

Knowledge BaseWorldShare
ProQuest / Ex LibrisDiscoveryPrimo (Central Discovery Index)

DiscoverySummon (Central Discovery Index)

Knowledge Base360 (Client Center, Intota)

Knowledge BaseAlma Community Zone

Knowledge BaseSFX

Note that workflows for getting our content ingested and indexed are still being worked out with some vendors, so the timing of records appearing in different products may vary.

Usage Statistics (Stats)

Institutional subscribers can access their stats for our new platform, Fulcrum, at requires no login; it uses IP authentication to identify the requesting institution. You may need to alter the previous link to a proxied URL in order to be IP-authenticated to the reporting system.

BAR stats are COUNTER 5 compliant.

IMPORTANT: Several reports are available, but for details on title usage BAR subscribers should draw on the Title Master Report with the total item requests metric. For general platform usage, subscribers should draw on the Platform Master Report using the total item investigations metric. For details on chapter downloads, subscribers should draw on the Item Master Report using the total item requests metric.

*We strongly encourage you to consult the resources below for more information:

The Friendly Guide to Release 5 for Librarians

Glossary of COUNTER terms

COUNTER website

Proxy Server Configuration

If your campus uses a proxy server, it generally needs to be configured with the host names and/or domains of our servers.

Last updated July 22, 2022:

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Find id="permalink" aria-label="citable link" value="https://
Replace id="permalink" aria-label="citable link" value="https://^A


However, there are circumstances in which you may want to add a more nuanced configuration.

If you’re currently using RedirectSafe or NeverProxy for, then add the following near the top of your config file:

AnonymousURL +*
AnonymousURL +*
AnonymousURL +*
AnonymousURL +*

… and add this line to the end of the Fulcrum stanza:

AnonymousURL -*

Similarly, the following lines should be added near the top of your config file instead of using RedirectSafe or NeverProxy for or

AnonymousURL +*
AnonymousURL +*
AnonymousURL +*
AnonymousURL +*

This would also require the presence of the following line to the end of the Fulcrum stanza:

AnonymousURL -*

Please note that throttle settings in your configuration may have a negative impact on your members' use of large files on Fulcrum. 

For the proxy service to take effect, users at your campus or institution need to access the service via a connection through the proxy server, not directly. Your proxy server administrator can provide you with a proper URL for linking to our service; ensure that your users are entering via that URL.

IP Address Updates

If you would like to add an IP address to your authorized range (or remove one), please send us your update request (CIDR format preferred) by contacting, and the data will be forwarded to our technical support team. We will send a confirmation when the update has been made. Please note there is no separate log-in allowing subscribers to independently enter updates.

The University of Michigan campus backbone, on which Fulcrum is hosted, does not support IPv6 at this time. Please continue to send us your IPv4 ranges for basic authentication.

Common Access Problems

If you experience problems that result in being prompted for authentication, inability to reach the authentication page itself, or receiving a message that collections are not authorized, please consult:

Shibboleth / OpenAthens / SSO

The BAR Digital Collection supports access for your institution's members through federated Single Sign-On technologies such as Shibboleth or OpenAthens. Please be aware that there may be a charge for OpenAthens Federation. Fulcrum is a member of InCommon and participates in eduGAIN.  To allow your members to access the Collection via your Shibboleth / OpenAthens Identity Provider requires the following:

  1. Your institution must have a SAML-based Identity Provider (IdP) whose metadata we can consume via a stable URL and which defines a security domain using shibMD:scope. This is most commonly achieved through membership to an identity federation that participates in eduGAIN. The following federations have been confirmed to support access to Fulcrum via eduGAIN as of November 2019:
    • Canadian Access Federation (CAF)
    • HEAnet / Edugate
    • InCommon
    • UK Federation
  2. Your Identity Provider must be configured to release attribute 'eduPersonScopedAffiliation' to entityId ''.
  3. You must provide us with the entityId of your Identity Provider.

This information can be included in your order form or emailed to


If you have Shibboleth/SSO access set up, the DOIs in the MARC records can be modified to create WAYFless URLs. This will allow your patrons to authenticate at your institutional portal without encountering a login prompt on Fulcrum. If the patron already has an active session with your institution's Identity Provider, then their access will be seamless.

To make a BAR DOI into a WAYFless URL, append the following:

?urlappend=%3fentityID=[your institution's entityID]

For example, a WAYFless version of for the University of Michigan would be:

While we try to avoid DOIs that resolve to Fulcrum URLs that contain query parameters (e.g. "?locale=en"), if such an exception occurs, the WAYFless URL syntax above will result in an error. In these cases, please append the following instead:

?urlappend=%26entityID=[your institution's entityID]

To create a WAYFless link to the collection as a whole:[your institution's entityID]

Privacy and Data Collection

The University of Michigan Library, which hosts the BAR Digital Collection, may collect some data about your institution’s use of BAR in order to improve services and to integrate with university teaching and learning initiatives. It is committed to protecting the privacy and confidentiality of user data in compliance with federal and state laws and professional standards. Follow this link to read the university’s Library Privacy Statement, which governs Michigan Publishing’s hosting of BAR.

Search Wildcards

Our search text-boxes (for books and resource files) support single and multiple character wildcard searches within single terms.
Wildcard characters can be applied to single terms, but not to search phrases, i.e. "search phrase to f?nd" will not use wildcard searching.

Wildcard Search TypeSpecial CharacterExample

Single character (matches a single character)


The search string te?t would match both test and text.

Multiple characters (matches zero or more sequential characters)


The wildcard search: tes* would match test, testing, and tester. You can also use wildcard characters in the middle of a term. For example: te*t would match test and text. *est would match pest and test.

Details and examples taken from Solr's standard query parser documentation.